Need 5 Engineering 3rd or 4th year / M.Tech Students to works on Inverters Review

With the advent of requirement in technical world, i would like to write an article based on inverters. In this regards, i need five students who are pursuing in Electrical Engineering/ Electronics Engineering. Which would results in excellent publications soon.

Interested students may please contact under signed mail.

madichetty.sreedhar@gmail.com

Rgds

17 Life Lessons from Mahabharata

Don’t you know that the largest epic Mahabharata is the book of everything? Yes, it is. There are tons of stories in that book. There are many inventions in that book which have to be discovered yet. If we read in between lines, we can find many life lessons from the book. Maharishi Vyasa brilliantly crafted his work to teach people some lessons. Don’t see Mahabharata as a mere story. It has past, present and future. You need to read it with soul to be aware of the life hacks or life lessons.

Here I am sharing some life lessons to be learned fromMahabharata.

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1.      Being Focused is the Key to Success

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If you want to be succeeded, don’t concentrate on many things. You can’t be focused if you are indulged in many businesses. The great warrior from Mahabharata, Arjuna teaches us to be focused towards one goal at a time.

The time, Pandavas and Kauravas were studying Astra Vidya (the technique of bow and arrow) under the guidance of Dronacharya. One day he decided to test all of his students. He set up a bird made of clay on the higher branch of a tree. Then he called everyone to fire one arrow into the exact eye of that bird. Before committing the action, he asked a simple question to each of them. “what are you seeing?”. Everyone had an answer. Someone said they saw the tree, others said they could saw the bird and so on. Drona returned them and declared that they failed in the test. At last the time came for Arjuna. He came and took the bow in hand. Guru asked him the very same question. He answered without any confusion that he could see only the eye of the bird. He granted the answer and allowed to go on. He fired the arrow and it hit the target.

What does this story mean? Drona already knew that one who couldn’t focus was not going to win. That’s all.

2.      Passion and Devotion are the Teachers

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Do you want to learn something? Just think you want to be an Engineer. The first thing you do will be taking admission in a coaching center. But there were many people who succeeded in getting a good rank in entrance exams without the help of any coaching center or any teacher. You only want is the passion.

Do you know Ekalavya? He was the son of Hiranyadhanus fromNishada tribe. He was a very brilliant warrior. Once, He pleaded before Drona to make him his student. But Drona denied because he was from a lower caste.

But what Ekalavya did next was unbelievable. He made a clay model of his ideal guru Dronacharya. Then he practiced every day in front of it. Soon he became very good in using bow and arrow.

While Drona was visiting a forest with his students, they lost their dog. After some time, it returned with five arrows in its mouth. Drona was eager to see the man who brilliantly did it. After wandering around, he found out whom it was. It was none other than Ekalavya.

That is the passion. If you have a strong desire to be at a well- known position, you will reach there. It is provided that, you have to work hard for it. Strong desire+ Hard work = Success.

3.      Don’t Take Decisions When You are Emotional

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Emotions steal our ability to think the right way. If you took any decisions while you were emotional, you might know it. Emotions are manly. But, let them go and think only after you become free.

Pandu was the King of Hastinapur. One day, he went to the woods for hunting. There he killed a deer from a couple. That was a great sage who was about to join with his pair. The Rishi cursed him that his head would burst out when he touched his pair. Pandu became very sad to hear this. He couldn’t ask how to overcome this as the Sage was dead.

He went to the palace emotionally. In his point of view, there was no sense to continue as a King because he would not get a son to wear the crown. So he decided to take up Sanayasa. If he hadn’t taken this decision, that horrible war wouldn’t have happened.

4.      A Friend in Deed is a Friend in Need

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This is probably the most told proverb. You might hear this. So think thrice before choosing your besties.

Krishna was the friend (of course relative also) of Pandavas. He always supported them whatever be the issue. If Krishna wasn’t in Pandava Sena, Arjuna would be killed. Durin the Kurukshetra battle, Lord Krishna rescued him from the heavy attack of Bhishma. He also advised Pandavas for any problems. We heard many stories about that.

Karna was the loyal friend of Duryodhana. He always obeyed Duryodhana. But he didn’t do things he thought to be injustice. If Karna wasn’t in Kaurava army, they would be defeated the very next day after the fall of Bhishma and Dronacharya.

5.      Being Sincere is the Duty of a Son

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Mahabharata is the book of unending life lessons. Bhishma was seen as a God Father by everyone, not only because of his age but because of his nature.

Bhishma was the son of Santanu and Goddess Ganga. Ganga gave Bhishma to Santanu and went away. He grew his son with utmost care. Both of them loved each other. One day, Santanu went to woods for hunting. There he saw a beautiful woman named Satyavati. But he was the daughter of a fisherman. Love is blind. So he went to her home and talked with him. Who doesn’t want to make her daughter a queen? The fisherman was amazed to hear the King. Yet, he put forward a condition. He would allow the marriage only if he promised to make his grandchildren wear the crown.

Santanu reached the palace with a heavy heart. Bhishma realized at the first look that something went wrong. He enquired what happened. After compelling for a long time, the King opened his mind to the son. Without a moment’s hesitation, Bhishma went to the fisherman’s house. He told that the son of his father and Satyavati would rule the kingdom. But that old man wasn’t satisfied. So Bhima took a lifelong pledge that he would not marry. Hence, we got an idiom, the oath of Bhishma.

No one in today’s world does this. This shows how sincere he was towards his father. So Bhishma teaches us to be sincere to our parents.

6.      Don’t do Gambling

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Gambling is the game of destruction. It steals everything from the players. Mahabharata directly tells us this significant lesson.

Duryodhana wanted the whole Kingdom under his rule. But it was the Pandava’s right to get their land. So Sakuni, Duryodhana’s uncle called Yudhishitir to gamble. He was an extraordinary craze in gambling. But luck wasn’t favoured him. He was defeated every game. Sakuni played some cheap tricks also. As a result, he had to gage everything he owned. Wealth, brothers and at last his wife, Draupadi. The show didn’t end there.

Duryodhana sent them to forest in exile for about 13 years. That was a tough time for them. If Yudhishtir hadn’t gambled, things would have changed. So don’t play gambling even for the sake of fun.

7.      A Wife should be Loyal to Her Husband

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We, Bharatiyas give much importance to family and relationships. We believe that the relation between husband and wife is not mere physical, but it is divine. Both of them have to help each other in need.

Gandhari teaches us this lesson. He was fairly beautiful and had no inabilities. But the fate made him the wife of blind, Dhritarashtra. But she didn’t complain at least a single time. Instead, she lived as a support to her husband. As soon as she became his wife, she covered her eyes. She wouldn’t want to see the beautiful scenes her husband couldn’t.

This is how an ideal wife behaves. She becomes a part of her husband’s sorrow. If she can’t solve the problem, she experienced the hardness of it. (This is same to husbands also).

8.      Friends May become Enemies

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Everyone we think as friend is not really the one. They may secretly want to see our failure and make moves to push us into it.

A friend must be friend whatever we do. They can leave our friendship. But defeating us by being with us is not at all right. Drona, Kripa and Bhishma were with Pandava by mind. But they fought for Kaurava in the battle. Arjuna, the middle man of Pandava was the best student of Drona and he secretly devoted him. We all know that what we do without interest ends up in utter failure. That was what happened in Kurukshetra war. Bhsihma, Drona and Kripa didn’t want to fight against Pandava. But they had to do it because of the customs. At last, Kaurava failed.

So have an eye on all of our friends. Maybe those whom we see as best friends will betray us badly.

9.      Half- Knowledge Causes Danger

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Don’t start anything with half- knowledge. Understanding fully comes first and action, second. So having full knowledge is very essential. Suppose, you want to buy a smartphone. Before that figure out its price and usage. Unless it will be a useless thing if you want a phone only for calling and messaging.

Abhimanyu was the nephew of Krishna. Once, Krishna was telling Arjuna how he could enter the Chakravyuh and fight. He went on by hearing buzz for each sentence he said. After sometime, Krishna noticed that Arjuna was fall asleep. But still the buzz was going on. It was then he realized that the humming came from the womb of Subhadra, her sister. It was Abhimanyu who buzzed.

During Kurukshetra battle, Abhimanyu came forward to crash Chakravyuh. But he forgot that he didn’t know how to come out from it. What happened next was heart breaking. Jayadratha brutally killed Abhimanyu.

All that was happened because of Abhimanyu’s half- knowledge. He couldn’t have gone to crash Chakravyuh. So gather every information before taking action.

10.  Keep Promises Even to Enemies

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Kshatriyas are known to keep their promise. If you can’t keep your promise, don’t waste time to make it. Keeping promise is the part of one’s personality.

Once, Duryodhana was bathing in a river. After sometime, a Gandharva also came and started bathing with her girlfriends. He couldn’t tolerate this. The impatient Duryodhana attacked the Gandharva. But he was defeated and tied. Somehow Yudhishtira came to know this. He requested Arjuna to rescue Duryodhana. So Arjuna bravely fought to defeat Chitrangadha (the Gandharva) and rescued Duryodhana. In return, the eldest of Kaurava gave a boon to him. But he didn’t asked saying that he would ask whenever needed.

Years went. It was the time of Kurukshetra battle. Bhishma gave Duryodhna five chanted divine arrows which were meant to kill the Pancha Pandavas. Krishna happened to know this. He realized that it would kill the Pandavas. Hence, Krishna reminded Duryodhana about that unasked boon. He also advised him to ask those five arrows. Arjuna did the same. Duryodhna gave them the arrows without any hesitation.

Pandava and Kaurava were fighting against each other. Yet he kept his promise and became a role model for all of us. Duryodhana committed many mistakes. But he never broke his promises.

11.  Curses May be Transformed into Boons

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There are many occasions in life, we get benefitted from our mistakes. May be the things someone does to disturb us become advantages for us.

Arjuna was the son of Indra. One day, he went to Amaravathy to spend some time with his father. There he saw a dance performance of Urvashi who was renowned as the beauty queen. Urvashi was attracted to Arjuna. She wanted him. But after the dance performance, Arjuna called her with the salutation, “mother”. She was humiliated. So Urvashi cursed him to be a eunuch for one year. Arjuna became sad to hear this. He didn’t want to make her embarrassed.

Indra, his father solaced him saying that this curse would be a boon when he had to live in exile. That exactly happened. He made benefits from this curse while they were living in the palace of Virata. Arjuna became the dance teacher of princess Uthara.

12.  Don’t Cuddle Children Blindly

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This is the next lesson I figured out from Mahabharata.

Dhrtarashtra fondled her hundred sons, especially the eldest Duryodhana. He was very fond of him. He made all of his wishes came real. More than that, Dhritarashtra blindly believed Duryodhana. When he wanted to begin the battle with their relatives, he didn’t protest it but granted with a boom. As a result, he lost of his hundred sons.

This fact teaches us not to coddle children much. Show your love towards them often. If they need anything not essential, make them understand the fact in a smooth way. This is the only way to deal with children. If you grant all of their wishes, you have to regret in the future.

13.  Don’t Test Serious Things

This is an important lesson Mahabharata tells to everyone, especially to the girls. If you want to test a serious thing, it will probably ruin your life. Just think, you are testing cyanide. You know the outcome it gives.

Kunti got a boon from the furious Sage, Durvasa. She was able to get sons from any Deva she thought of. But the thing was, he got this boon while he was a teenage unmarried girl. It was (is) not good to have child for an unmarried girl. But she didn’t think this. Kunti thought Durvasa was making fun of her and the boon wouldn’t be realized. So she decided to test it.

Kunti thought Surya Deva in her mind by chanting a mantra given by Durvasa. Yes, that happened. Surya Deva came in front of her. She tried hard to return him. But he said that he couldn’t return without giving a son because that Mantra was meant for it. Poor girl. She became pregnant and gave birth to Karna. She was afraid of the society. So she left his new- born baby.

This fact was burning in her mind. She was burnt herself because of this throughout the lifetime. So don’t test serious things like pregnancy.

14.  Reciprocate the Help You Receive in Critical Time

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Reciprocation is the key to success in the world. Moreover it is the quality of a truthful person.

Duryodhana helped Karna when he was asked his Vamsa. Karna was about to challenge the brilliance of Arjuna. But Kripa prevented this because he knew Karna would be the winner. So he asked his Vamsa and told that fight challenges were made between equal persons. At that time, Duryodhana came o his rescue and made him as the King of Anga Rajya.

Many years later, Karna happened to know that he is the elder brother of Pandavas from his mother Kunti at the time of Kurukshetra war. But he refused to leave Duryodhana. Kunti pleaded him to join with Pandava. Karna was a loyal guy. He was truly aware that Duryodhana was the only one who stood with him while he faced a humiliation. So he fight for Duryodhana and died by a deceiving way.

So don’t leave the one who helps you in critical situations. Because they may also face the very same situation. Be with them and help them when they want it.

15. Fight for What You have to Get

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This is the lesson for braves. Mahabharata is ultimately about the Kurukshetra war. Pandava wanted the land which they had the right to own. But Duryodhana was not ready to give it. He said he would not give at least a piece of land. So here were no choices in front of them other than to fight. So they chose that way. They fight to grab what actually belongs to them.

So Mahabharata teaches us to fight for our rights. If we don’t bravely fight, we will get nothing. Forget your disabilities and think how you can bring the fight forward. Go that way and taste the sweetness of success.

16.  Bad Company Ruins Our Life

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This is another vital lesson we can achieve from Mahabharata. A good company makes us good and bad company transforms us into really bad.

Duryodhana had an uncle, Sakuni who was the birth place of all badness. He advised every things Duryodhana did. Unfortunately that was all bad. He called Pandava for gambling and sent them in exile. They got a temporary happiness by doing that. But ultimately it ditched the pit of death for them.

If Sakuni had not done it, the story would have been changed. Pandava got the strength for the battle from that forest life. All the five of them lived the 14 years with burning fire of revenge in their mind. So they became ready for the war and killed every Kaurava.

Sakuni was the cause of all this. So be careful to choose your friends and companies. Be with them who really wants your wellbeing and advises good ways.

17.  Household Works are not only Meant for Women

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Household works are not only meant for women. Learning such stuffs like cooking will be a benefit to men.

While leading an anonymous life, Pandava took the job of cooking, teaching dance and such things. That jobs was really a boon to them. Because of that, they got a space in the Palace of King Virata.

It is important for our daily life also. Just think you get an awesome job in a place very far from your home. So it will be a great addition if you know how to cook. That will reduce your expenses. So don’t be only in dining room, have a look at the kitchen also.

Source: http://www.hindutav.com/mahabharata-life-lessons/

When Vivekananda was asked to marry

When Swami Vivekananda went to USA, a lady asked him to marry her. When Swami asked the lady about what made her ask him such question. She replied that she was fascinated by his intellect. She wanted a child of such an intellect. So she asked Swami, whether he could marry her and give a child like him.
He replied, since she was attracted only by his intellect, there is no problem.
“My dear lady, I understand your desire. Marrying and bringing a child in to this world and understanding whether it is intelligent or not takes very long time. More over it is not guaranteed.
Instead to fulfill your desire immediately, I can suggest a guaranteed way. Take me as your child. You are my mother. This way your desire of having a child of my intellect is fulfilled.”
The lady was speechless….

9 Facts About Tirumala You Never Knew Before!

Tirumala is one of the most visited religious places in the world. Every year, thousands of people make a pilgrimage to see Lord Venkateswara in all His glory. It’s the belief that brings all these people together, it’s the belief that makes our culture… a unique one at that. The history of the place is something to treasure for ages. Here are some things that you didn’t know about the abode of Balaji!

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Source: Tirumala-The Hill-Shrine of Hindu God Lord Venkateshwara

If You Think Kadapa Is All About “Bombs”, Then You Need To Know These Facts!

While the entirety of the world assumes that Kadapa is all about factions and bombs, we are all missing out the real and beautiful sides of Kadapa that can make anyone puff up in pride. All thanks to our movies, Kadapa has missed out on being highlighted for being the historic and touristic marvel that it is. “Chai Bisket (Website)” figured everyone needs to know the magnificent sides of the district so we compiled these few things that deserve a shining spotlight.

1. 450 year old Vontimitta Kodanda Rama Temple in Kadapa District was described as the most beautiful temple in India by a 17th Century French traveler Tavernier.

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Image Credit: Travelux.

2. While most of the early historic Rock paintings in India are found in Madhya Pradesh, Kadapa recently unearthed rock paintings that defined the lives of prehistoric men.

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Image Credit: Kadapa Online

3. A great star, Vaggeyakara  Annamacharya, was born in 1424 at Tallapaka Village in Rajampet Mandal.    He favoured the lyrical style of poetry and composed songs and psalms. He composed more than thirty two thousand devotional hymns- Sankeerthanas on Lord Venkateshwara.  

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Image Credit: Wikipedia

4. Kadapa district is known for being the largest exporter of black limestone which incidentally is famously known as Kadapa limestone.

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Image Credit: New Gogo

5. Peddapasupula village from the Jammalamadugu Mandal of Kadapa is one of the only alcohol-free villages in the two sister states.

Image Credit: The Hindu

6. If you are looking for secularism, then look no more! Ameen Peer Dargah is popular amongst both Hindus and Muslims.

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Image Credit: Tripadvisor

7. Kadapa District Administration launched a Travelers’ App called Magnificent Kadapa. It’s meant to make tourism easy in Kadapa and includes maps, documents and photographs.

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Image Credit: The Hindu

8. Did you know India had a Grand Canyon of its own?! And it belongs in Kadapa. Gandikota is known for its Gorge View.

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Image Credit: My Travel Tales

9. Yogi Vemana, whose poems we learnt as children, was from Kadapa. His verses were later translated to French and English as well!

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Image Credit: Andhra Bulletin

10. Kadapa is a land of various cultures, which have coexisted peacefully throughout the ages. Huen Tsang, the great Chinese traveller, gives clear existence of nirgantha heretics (Jain) and Sangharams (Buddhist monasteries) through his travel in the 7th century AD. Muslims arrived in the 14th century, while Christians came in the first half of the 18th century. 

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Image Credit: Gemstone Universe
 

11. Charles Philip Brown, who was the assistant Collector of then Cuddupah, stands out like a beacon among European scholars who contributed to Telugu studies. He rendered an unbelievable service to Telugu with an amazing zeal and interest; he was the first Indologist to publish Telugu classics with commentaries.  He collected a large number of palm-leaf manuscripts. Brown’s magnum opus was his dictionary, Telugu-English, English-Telugu and mixed dialects in 1852.

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Image Credit: Engr

12. Sidhout Fort, often referred to as the gateway to Srisailam or Dakshina Kasi, encompasses beautifully sculpted temples inside its premises. Built in 1303 AD, the fort stands on the banks of river Pennar and covers an area of 30 acres.  The majestic gateways at the two ends have embellished pillars and intricate carvings of Gajalakshmi at the top.  17 square bastions which protected the area are still an impressive sight.  A special feature of the fort  is an ancillary passage allowing people to enter when the main gates are closed.

Sidhout-Fort

Image Credit: Twitter

A Brief Story on Parasurama

Parasurama means rama with parasu i.e. axe/gandragoddali/kodali in tamil. He is the 6th avaatam of Mahavishnu and one of the seven chiranjeevis. Parasurama avatara extends to two yugas treta yuga and dwaapara yuga. He is brahmin birth but with kshatriya qualities.
BIRTH: Parasurama was born as fifth son to sage jamadagni and renuka devi. He hails from bramha i.e. sage chyavana is great grand father, grand father is sage rucheeka. Sage rucheeka after completion of his studies wanted to marry a suitable bride and is in search of that. In those days we have two prime dynasties ruling bharata desa i.e. surya vamsa and chandra vamsa. In chandra vamsa there is a king named kusika and he had a son name gadhi. Gadhi had a daughter by name satyavathi very beautiful prince. Sage rucheeka approached king gadhi and asked his daughter to marry him. The king was taken back by the brahmin wish but does not want to deny. He put a condition to him to give him 1000 horses with one ear black and entire body in white. Sage rucheeka agreed and done penance to please varuna and obtained through him the 1000 horses and offered to king Gadhi and got married with satyavathi. The princess satyavati also adjusted herself to the brahminic customs and living peacefully with sage rucheeka. After sometime she got worried that for herself as well as for her mother there is not male issues to continue the vamsa. She requested the sage rucheeka and he prayed to brahma and obtained two pots of rice pudding and offered it to both satyavathi and her mother clearly instructing that satyavahti will have child with brahminic qualities and her mother will have son with kshatriya qualities. He asked them to worship aswathha and raavi trees first and consume the rice pudding. Accordingly both prayed to the trees and consumed but the pots were interchaned knowingly or unknowingly. Both were conceived and sage rucheeka observed that the foetus of satyavathi is with kshatriya qualities and questioned her. Both were pleaded guilty and requested the sage how to overcome. The sage with his powers made the foetus of satyavathi to born with brahmanic qualities and his son with kshatriya qualities. Thus the son born to satyavathi is sage jamadagni with brahminic qualities and his son parasurama with kshatriya qualities.
The son born to sathyavathi mother with brahminic qualities is called as kusanaabha and in later days he was known to this yuga as sage viswamitra.
BIRTH PLACE: Parasurama was born in haihava kingdom, the present day MAHESWAR. (NARMADA PLATEU)
BROTHERS: The brothers elder to parasurama are called Vasu, Viswa Vasu, Brihudyanu, and Brutwakanwa . The actual name of parasurama is ramabhadra.
PITRUVAAKYA PARIPAALAKA: Parasurama always obeys his father’s words with utmost care. Once his mother renukadevi a pativrata who is to have bath in the river and make a mud vessel with clay and bring the water for her husband to do the vedic rituals. The pot is wet but water will not spill out. One day while getting water from river she happened to see some gandharvas passing in a chariot and for a moment she thought of gandharva’s beauty. The wet mud pot discharged and water were spilled out. She tried to do fresh pot but could not and without knowing what to do she held back in the river shore itself. The sage waiting for his wife had observed through his yogic powers what had happened and asked his elder son to cut the throat of mother with axe. The boy terrified with his father’s order and refused to kill the mother. Sage jamadagni asked next and next but all the four sons refused to obey the order. The sage cursed the brothers to convert as stones. Finally sage called the parasurama who went to collect samidhas to forest and asked to cut the neck of his mother . Without any hesitation, parasurama taken the axe and cut the neck of his mother and came to his father and said that he has carried out the order. Sage jamadagni pleased with parasurama and asked him to have boons and parasurama requested his father to get life to her mother and make the brothers from stone to flesh.
PARASURAMA AND KARTAVEERYARJUNA: Parasurama was living in haihava kingdom who were a savage uncivilised people. The enemity is continued between haihava kings and bhargava brahmins for generations. This is mentioned in mahabharata numerous times. There livied a haihava king called kartveerya who was incarnataion of sudarsana chakra of mahavishnu taken as human birth. In addition king kartaveerha wroshipped the sage dattatreya and obtained boons of flying golden chariot to travel whereever he wished and one thousand arms.
With these boons, Kartavirya became immeasurably powerful, conducting many military conquests. The military corporations of the Shakas, Yavanas, Kambojas, Pahlavas and Paradas, known as the Five Hordes, also gave their support to the Haihaya and Talajunga. Haihaya was of the Lunar Dynasty and went on to sack Kasi. In return, the Solar Dynasty fought back, and expelling the Haihayas from Vatsa. Kartavirya then defeated the Nagas, after which he made mahismati in present day Maheswar as capital of his kingdom, and prevented Ikshwaaku King Bahu, descendant of Harishchandra , from taking back Ayodhya , which was his by birthright. A generation later, Sagara, son of Bahu, recaptured Ayodhya with Kartavirya dead. After defeating the Haihaya, he shaved their heads to humiliate them. His retaking of Ayodhya would set the stage for the upcoming ramayana. Kartavirya became so powerful that he was even able to defeat and imprison the demon king Raavana at the river godavari .
As Rama grew older, he was sincere in his piety, and pleased Lord Shiva with the performation of excruciating tapas As blessing, he was granted the parasu of Shiva, after which he was known as Parashurama, or ‘Rama with axe’.
Once king kaartaveerya came to hermitage of sage jamadagni and that time parasurama was gone to forest to collect sticks to yaga. Though the king came with his massive entourage, the sage able to give good feast to them in a short notice. The king asked the sage how he could able to arrange in a short notice and the sage said he had a calf of kamadhenu offered by indra so that he is able to feed them. The king grew greedy and asked the sage to give the cow to king but sage refused but he has taken the calf with force. Parasurama came to know this though his father after returning from forest he went to haihava king and fought with him and killed him in the fierce battle and obtained back the calf. His father was pleased, but seeing the blood stained axe of Parashurama, also concerned. He cautioned his son he must be aware of wrath and pride. Parashurama accepted the reprimand of his father, in penance, and went on a pilgrimage to holy places for one year in purification.
Meanwhile, the sons of Kartavirya discovered their father at the palace and knew that only Parashurama could have killed him. In revenge, they traveled to the hermitage and murdered Jamadagni, surrounding the rishi and shooting him to death with arrows like a stag. Afterwards, they decapitated his body and took his head with them.
When Parashurama returned home, he found his mother next to the body of his father, crying hysterically as she beat her chest twenty-one times in a row. Furious, he hunted down the sons of Kartavirya at the palace. He killed them all and returned with his fathers head to conduct the cremation. Parashurama then vowed to enact a genocide on the war-mongering Kshatriyas twenty-one times over, once for each time the hand of his mother hit her chest.
Parashurama then travelled throughout the Indian subcontinent, killing all men of the Kshatriya caste, guilty or innocent. In the interval between the Treta and Dwapara Yugas, Parashurama, great among all who have borne arms, urged by impatience of wrongs, repeatedly smote the noble race of Kshatriyas. And when that fiery meteor, by his own valour, annihilated the entire tribe of the Kshatriyas, he formed at Samanta-panchaka five lakes of blood .
There is another legend that the Nairs, Bunts and Nagas of Kerala and Tulunadu, receiving word as Parashurama approached, took the sacred threads that marked them twice-born, hid them in the forest and traveled south. Parashurama then gave their land to the Nambuthiri Brahmins, and the Nambuthiri then denied the Nairs and Bunts their status as royalty when Parashurama left.
After he had finally rid the world of Kshatriyas, Parashurama conducted the aswamedha sacrifice, done only by sovereign kings, and gave the land he had conquered to the Brahmin head-priests, who performed the yagya kasyapa. The Ashvamedha demanded that the remaining Kshatriya kings either submit to Parashurama, or stop the sacrifice by defeating him in battle. They were unable to do either, and so perished
RAMA AND PARASURAMA: In the ramayana , Parashurama had given the bow of Siva to the father of princess Sita for her swayamvaram. As a test of worthiness, suitors were asked to lift and string the mythic weapon. None were successful until Rama, but in the process of being strung, the bow snapped in half. This produced a tremendous noise that reached the ears of Parashurama as he meditated atop the mahendra mountains
In one version , Parashurama arrived to the mithala after marriage of rama and sita deeply angry. The Kshatriyas were advised by Brahmarishi Vasistha not to confront the sage, but Sita still approached. Parashurama blessed her, saying “Dheergha Sumangali bhavah,” or “You will have your husband alive for your lifetime.”
When he then turned to confront Rama, Parashurama was unable to lift his axe. He was held back by his own word and pacified by the brilliance of Rama. When the warrior-sage realized he was looking at his own subsequent reincarnation, his bow flew into the hands of Rama, and thus the essence of Vishnu was fully realized in the seventh avatar
PARASURAMA AND BHISHMA: Parashurama and Bhishma, two of the greatest warriors of the epics, shared an interesting history together as guru and student. Bhishma was a kURU prince, and Parashurama instructed him in the martial arts as a boy. Their conflict began years later, with the beautiful princess Amba. Along with her sisters Ambika and Ambalika, princess Amba had been abducted by Bhishma in a misunderstanding between two kingdoms. Now, with her honor tainted, no man would take her for bride, and she was condemned to remain destitute. Bhishma himself was unable to marry due to his bhishana pratigya, or vow of celibacy, and allegiance to Hastinapur Amba then sought the help of Parashurama to kill Bhishma.
Taking pity on her plight, the avatar agreed to fight his former student on her behalf. The battle lasted twenty-three days, by the end of which, both warriors were bloodied and filled with arrows. Bhishma had knowledge of the divine deadly weapon Paasupataastra , which had the power to put a foe to sleep, and of which Parashurama was unaware. When he was about to use the celestial weaponry, all Gods rushed to Bhishma and asked him to hold his hand, as it would humiliate his guru. Out of respect, Bhishma acquiesced.
Pitaras then appeared and obstructed the chariot of Parashurama, forbidding him from fighting any longer. The spirit of Parashurama’s father, Jamadagni and his grandfather, Rucheeka, spoke to him:
O son, never again engage in battle with Bhishma or any other Kshatriya. Heroism and courage in battle are the qualities of a Kshatriya, and study of the Vedas and the practice of austerities are the wealth of the Brahmans. Previously you took up weapons to protect the Brahmans, but this is not the case now. Let this battle with Bhishma be your last. O son of the Bhrigu race, it is not possible to defeat Bhishma.
In the end, the Gods showered praise on Bhishma, and he sought the blessing of Parashurama as his guru. The avatar then acknowledged that his former student was truly invincible, telling Amba:
Using even the very best of weapons I have not been able to obtain any advantage over Bhishma, that foremost of all wielders of weapons! I have exerted now to the best of my power and might. Seek the protection of Bhishma himself, thou hast no other refuge now.
PARASURAMA AND DRONA: At the end of his time in the Vedic period, Parashurama was renouncing his possessions to take sanyaasi As the day progressed, Drona, then a poor Brahmin, approached Parashurama asking for alms. By that time, the warrior-sage had already given the Brahmins his gold and Kasyapa his land, so all that was left were his body and weapons. Parushurama asked which Drona would have, to which the clever warrior responded:
O son of Bhrigu, it behoveth thee to give me all thy weapons together with the mysteries of hurling and recalling them.
Thus, Parashurama gave all his weapons unto Drona, making him supreme in the science of arms. This would be crucial when he was teacher to both pandavas and kauravaas in the upcoming kurukshetra war.
PARASURAMA AND KARNA: Karna was half brother to the pandavas and son of Surya , but raised by a low caste charioteer. Karna came to Parashurama after being rejected by Drona due to his perceived caste. Karna lied and said he was Brahmin, and so Parashurama accepted him as his student, giving him knowledge of the powerful Bramhastra weapon.
One day, Parashurama was sleeping with his head resting on the lap of Karna and a scorpion crawled up the leg of the student and bit his thigh. In spite of the pain, Karna neither flinched nor cried so his guru could rest. Warm blood, however, trickled down his leg, waking Parashurama. Convinced that only a Kshatriya could have borne such pain in silence, Parashurama realized the lie of Karna, and cursed his student that his knowledge of the Brahmastra would fail him when it was most crucial.
Years later, during the Kurukshetra war, Karna had a dream in which he envisioned his guru and asked him to take back the curse he had given years back. Parashurama revealed that he had known all along Karna was a Kshatriya, but because he was a worthy student Parashurama had instructed him regardless. The avatar explained to karna that the Brahmastra had to fail him when he needed it most. If he killed Arjuna, duryodhana would be king instead of Yudhishtira , and chaos would ensue. Parashurama asked Karna to accept his curse and die at the hands of Arjuna, that the world might live in peace.
PARASURAMA AND EKADANTA: According to PURANAS , Parashurama travelled to the Himalayas to pay respect to his teacher, Siva. While travelling, his path was blocked by Ganesha, son of Shiva and Parvati . Parashurama threw his axe at the elephant-god. Ganesha, knowing the weapon had been given to Parashurama by his father, allowed it to sever his left tusk.
His mother Parvati was infuriated, and declared she would cut off the arms of Parashurama. She took the form of Durga becoming omnipotent, but at the last moment, Shiva was able to pacify her by making her see the avatar as her own son. Parashurama also asked her forgiveness, and she finally relented when Ganesha himself spoke on behalf of the warrior-saint. Parashurama then gave his divine axe to Ganesha and blessed him. Another name for Ganesha because of this encounter is Ekadanta, or ‘One Tusk’.
CREATION OF PARASURAMA KSHETRAS: Puranas write that the western coast of India was threatened by tumultuous waves and tempests, causing the land to be overcome by the sea. Parashurama fought back the advancing waters, demanding Varuna release the land of konkan and Malabar . During their fight, Parashurama threw his axe into the sea. A mass of land rose up, but Varuna told him that because it was filled with salt, the land would be barren.[11]
Parashurama then did a tapas for Nagaraja , the King of Snakes. Parashurama asked him to spread serpents throughout the land so their venom would neutralize the salt filled earth. Nagaraja agreed, and a lush and fertile land grew. Thus, Parashurama pushed back the coastline between the foothills of the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea, creating modern day Kerala
The coastal area of Kerala, Konkan, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra , are today also known as Parashurama Kshetra or Land of Parashurama in homage.[12] Puranas record that Parashurama placed statues of Shiva at 108 different locations throughout the reclaimed land, which still exist today Shiva, is the source of Kundalini , and it around his neck that Nagaraja is coiled, and so the statues were in gratitude for their baneful cleansing of the land
Then he took a winnowing basket, or Surpa, and threw it at the sea. The water retreated, and from the place the basket fell at Gokarna, land rose again Gokarna. This land is called Kerala, or ‘Siirparaka’ (bramhanda purana , Chapters 98 and 99). It is also said that while beating back the sea, Parashurama fired an arrow from his mythical bow that landed in Goa at Benaulim, creating Salkache Tollem, or ‘Lotus Lake’
PARASURAMA AND RAMBHOJA: Kshetra scripture has a legend in which a king named Ramabhoja worshipped Parashurama. He was the ruler of the lands between Gokarna and Kanyakumari and was proclaimed king of the entire Parashurama Kshetra. While performing ASWAMEDHA YAGNA , he was plowing the land, but mistakenly killed a snake that was a raksha in disguise. In repentance, Rambhoja was directed by Parashurama to build a rajathatpeetha, or large silver pedestal, with the image of a serpent at its four corners in obeisance. Parashurama also ordered that he distribute gold to the needy equal to his own weight as Tulabhara.
Rambhoja performed the ashwamedha yajna successfully and Parashurama appeared before him again, declaring that he was pleased. To this day, the silver pedastal remains a center of pilgrimage. The surrounding land is known as Thoulava , in remembrance of the Tulabhara of Rambhoja.
PARASURAMA AND SURYA: Parashurama once became annoyed with the sun god Surya for making too much heat. The warrior-sage shot several arrows into the sky, terrifying Surya. When Parashurama ran out of arrows and sent his wife Dharini to bring more, the sun god then focused his rays on her, causing her to collapse. Surya then appeared before Parashurama and gifted him with two inventions that have since been attributed to the avatar, sandals and an umbrella.
PAARASURAMA AND KALARIPAYATTU (MARTIAL ARTS)
Parashurama and the Agastya are regarded as the founders of kalaripayattu the oldest martial art in the world. Parashurama was a master of shastravidya, or the art of weaponry, as taught to him by siva . As such, he developed northern kalaripayattu, or vadakkan kalari, with more emphasis on weapons than striking and grappling. Southern kalaripayattu was developed by Agastya, and focuses more on weaponless combat. Kalaripayattu is known as the ‘mother of all martial arts’
He traveled to central India at the northern end of the Eastern Ghats and western Orissa and ascended the mahendra mountains . Before he left, Parashurama distributed the territories he conquered among a clan of Brahmins called the Bhumihar who ruled for many centuries. Kingdoms included the Cheras,Pandyas, Dravida, Mushika, Karnata and Konkana
Unlike other incarnations of Vishnu, Parashurama is a chiranjeevi , and is said to still be doing penance today in Mahendragiri.
Eight Kshetras are popularly known as Parashurama Kshetras or Parashurama Srishti:
1. Gokarna
2. Kollur
3. Konkan Maharashtra
4. Koteshwara
5. Mangalore
6. Shankaranarayana
7. Subramanya
8. Udupi
Let us pray to Parasurama, the incarnation of Maha Vishnu so that our enemities will ward off and have peaceful life through out.

Brahmasri Chaganti Koteswara Rao Garu's photo.

CAUSES FOR EARTH QUAKES

CAUSES FOR EARTH QUAKES

Normally when hollowness is created under the earth, due to heavy mass the earth tries to adjust to have proper seating. In the process, the earth relocates itself causing lot of energy released due to which we feel the shake of earth. According to our puranas, the earth is floating on water. When pralaya takes place the whole earth is submerjed into waater and the total inhabitants including the tress, plants, animals, creatures will be vanished.
One of the main reasons to earth quate is drawing underground water through bores which makes hollowness under the earth. Moreover release of industrial pollutants are also creating chemical reaction and changes the water table so that we have hollowness is created.

Our ancient astronomers like varahamihtira and sage agirasa given lot of indications that will appear before earthquake. In his book brihat samhita 32nd chapter, signs of earth quake and correlates earth quakes with cosmic and planetary influences undergroung water and undersea activities, unsual cloud formations and abnormal behaviour of animals.

In Sanskrit a saying GRUHAANTE GRUHA KALLOLAM GRAAMAANTHE SUNKA RODANAM if dog weaps unsually, it is clearly we will hear a death news shortly. This is indication given by our sages to understand the situation in advance.
The sage varahamihira categorised the earth quakes into different kinds, one particular will appear in the form of unsual cloud formations a week before its occurances. Huge clouds resembling blue lilly, bees and collyrium in colour rumbling pleasantly and shining with flashes of lightning, will pour down slender lines of water resembling formation of circles sharp clouds will kill that are dependant on on the seas and rivers and it will lead to excessive rains.

Sage angirasa also in his book on the cloud formation named meghotpatti prakarana highlights formation of water by electric discharges during thunder and lightning. Some are beneficial and some are more destructive as they contain electric charge which is killing causing thunder bolts. The same sage in another book KARAKA PRAKARANA elaborately describes thunders and thunder bolts. The sage deals with different forms of electric discharges and energy emissions from sun and atmosphere and kinds of cloud formations caused by different rays of sun.
The sudden waves of seasonal or periodic changes in plant and animal life indicates in advance to us different kinds of whether which in turn caused by sun rays. All such atmospheric changes cloud formations, thunder and lightning outburst of plant and vegetable life electric discharges in the atmosphere is experienced by us practically wherever the earth quake and its repercussions being experienced till Chennai.
The words and works our ancient sages never fail we have to believe them